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Dennis B. Lubahn

Dennis B. Lubahn

Biochemistry,

Professor of Biochemistry, Director of the MU Center for Botanical Interaction Studies

lubahnd@missouri.edu

573-884-6781

Educational background

Degree School Location Major
BS University of South Florida Tampa, Fla. Clinical Chemistry
PhD Duke University Durham, N.C. Biochemistry

Notable honors and service

  • Director, MU Center for Botanical Interaction Studies
  • Director, MU Center for Phytonutrient and Phytochemical Studies
  • Pew Scholar in Biomedical Sciences, 1989-92

Research description

I am the principal investigator and director of the MU Center for Botanical Interaction Studies. The MU Center for Botanical Interaction Studies is a comprehensive research program that investigates the molecular mechanisms of phytochemicals and phytonutrients in human disease. The Center fosters research to determine the safety and efficacy of botanicals or plants in the treatment of human disease. The Center’s current research investigates molecular mechanisms of the phytoestrogen, antioxidant, and polyphenol actions in three human diseases: Cancer, Neurodegenerative disease and Immune-mediated abnormalities. (Please refer to the Botanical Center web site at http://botanicalresearch.missouri.edu/ for more detailed information.)

My long-term research interests involve the understanding of the mechanism of action of the sex steroids and their receptors, in particular the estrogen receptors. My lab’s research goals use the estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) and estrogen receptor-beta (ERβ)-minus mice to look for new estrogen response pathways (i.e. novel estrogen receptors) and to find novel functional roles for the classic estrogen receptor. This is a hot research area for me because of the increased interest in environmental estrogens and our observations that some of these environmental estrogens are inducing responses in the ERα -minus mice. These estrogen-induced responses in an ERα-minus mouse are indicative of the existence of a potential new estrogen receptor, “ER-gamma”. Other major interests in my laboratory are: 1) The trinucleotide repeat genetic diseases, primarily because many trinucleotide repeats with unknown function are found in several of the steroid receptor genes; and, 2) The imprinting signals of endocrine disrupters, such as the environmental estrogens, especially those potentially acting via DNA-methylation signaling pathways.

The main long-term goals of my research program are to find novel functions for estrogens and the receptors, and then to identify the molecular mechanisms mediating these functions. To pursue these goals, we “knocked out” the estrogen receptor-alpha (ERα) gene in mice via homologous recombination and asked the following question: Would an ERα-minus mouse respond to any known estrogen, estrogen metabolite or exogenous (natural or synthetic) estrogen analog, if it lacked the classic full length ERα protein? If ERα -minus mice did respond, then we would know that at least one estrogen response protein other than ER exists. The working hypothesis was that several non-ERα /non-ERβ response proteins exist and that in transgenic ERα-minus mice we would see a response to estrogens, such as the catechol estrogens.

We have found in ERα-minus mice a uterine lactoferrin mRNA response to 4-hydroxyestradiol, methoxychlor and kepone, but not to estradiol. We now hypothesize that: A) 4-hydroxyestradiol and these other biologically important estrogens work through their own unique non-classical, non-ERα/non-ERβ estrogen response proteins or receptors; and B) NCER “receptors” can be readily characterized in the ER-minus mouse backgrounds. Using these mouse model system we are characterizing the 4-hydroxyestradiol and methoxychlor responses and the putative 4-hydroxyestradiol and methoxychlor receptors. Specifically: Aim #1, Characterize lactoferrin mRNA response to 4-hydroxyestradiol and methoxychlor in ER-minus mice; Aim #2, Characterize the putative 4-hydroxyestradiol and methoxychlor receptors in ER-minus cell cultures; Aim #3, Characterize potential responses to estradiol in ER-minus mice; Aim #4, Characterize estrogen responses unique to 4-hydroxyestradiol and methoxychlor; and Aim #5, Clone the putative 4-hydroxyestradiol and methoxychlor receptors.

Our working hypothesis is that estrogen responses in behavior, in bone, in glucose homeostasis, and in the reproductive, immune, and cardiovascular systems may not be mediated exclusively by the classical ERα or the ERβ proteins, but by additional non-classical estrogen response (NCER) proteins. Studying specific mouse NCER proteins will lead to a better understanding of estrogen’s developmental, physiological, behavioral, and biochemical roles in humans.

Selected publications

Chuang DY, Chan MH, Zong Y, Sheng W, He Y, Jiang JH, Simonyi A, Gu Z, Fritsche KL, Cui J, Lee JC, Folk WR, Lubahn DB, Sun AY, Sun GY. Magnolia polyphenols attenuate oxidative and inflammatory responses in neurons and microglial cells. J Neuroinflammation. 2013 Jan 29;10:15. doi: 10.1186/1742-2094-10-15.

Slusarz A, Jackson GA, Day JK, Shenouda NS, Bogener JL, Browning JD, Fritsche KL, MacDonald RS, Besch-Williford CL, Lubahn DB. Aggressive prostate cancer is prevented in ERαKO mice and stimulated in ERβKO TRAMP mice. Endocrinology. 2012 Sep;153(9):4160-70. doi: 10.1210/en.2012-1030. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Simonyi A, Serfozo P, Lehmidi TM, Cui J, Gu Z, Lubahn DB, Sun AY, Sun GY. The neuroprotective effects of apocynin. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2012 Jan 1;4:2183-93. Review.

Pedram A, Razandi M, O’Mahony F, Lubahn D, Levin ER. Estrogen receptor-beta prevents cardiac fibrosis. Mol Endocrinol. 2010 Nov;24(11):2152-65. doi: 10.1210/me.2010-0154. Epub 2010 Sep 1.

Saleiro D, Murillo G, Lubahn DB, Kopelovich L, Korach KS, Mehta RG. Enhanced induction of mucin-depleted foci in estrogen receptor {beta} knockout mice. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2010 Sep;3(9):1198-204. doi: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-10-0044. Epub 2010 Aug 17.

Employment opportunities

Postdoctoral opportunities

Research areas: Biochemical genetics and epigenetics of estrogens and related receptors.

How to apply:

Electronic submission is encouraged, e-mail to lubahnd@missouri.edu

Applicants should send CV and names of two references to:
Dr. Dennis B. Lubahn
Biochemistry
110A Animal Science Center
University of Missouri
Columbia, MO 65211